ANALISIS GENDER PENERAPAN PERATURAN PENCEGAHAN KEKERASAN SEKSUAL DI PERGURUAN TINGGI DI INDONESIA

Abd Hannan

Abstract


This study examines the application of regulations to prevent sexual violence in universities from a gender perspective. There are two research questions examined in this study, how are the dynamics of violence and sexual harassment in the campus environment in Indonesia? How is the implementation of regulations and prevention of sexual violence in universities in Indonesia, from a gender perspective? Methodologically, this study uses a qualitative research type. The data in this study consisted of primary data and secondary data. By using an in-depth analysis based on the sociological theory of gender, this study found two findings; First, one of the crucial issues currently engulfing universities in Indonesia is the proliferation of acts of violence and sexual harassment. There are many factors why cases of sexual crimes on campuses in Indonesia are high, one of the most dominant is the imbalance of power relations at the level of the academic community, between students and elements of the campus community, especially with lecturers. Second, in the perspective of gender sociology, the problems that trigger sexual crimes on campuses in Indonesia can be grouped into two; gender differences that are based on dichotomous views such as patriarchy and the like, as well as gender inequality caused by the unequal distribution of resources at the institutional level. To be able to solve it, it is necessary to have special legislation that explicitly and clearly regulates sexual crimes on campus. In this regard, the application of the Permendikbud No 30 Tahun 2021 concerning the Prevention and Handling of Sexual Violence (PPKS) in Higher Education contains significant functions and roles in suppressing and minimizing or even eradicating, sexual crimes on campus.

 


Keywords


Gender, Sexual Violence, Universities in Indonesia

References


Afandi, D. (2018). Medicolegal study of sexual violence cases in Pekanbaru, Indonesia: Prevalence, pattern, and Indonesian legal framework. Egyptian Journal of Forensic Sciences, 8(1), 37. https://doi.org/10.1186/s41935-018-0067-5

Afifa, L. (2021a). Komnas Perempuan to Hold 16-Day Campaign of Anti-violence Against Women. News En.Tempo.Co. https://en.tempo.co/read/1532137/komnas-perempuan-to-hold-16-day-campaign-of-anti-violence-against-women

Afifa, L. (2021b, August 27). Nadiem Makarim to Issue Rules on Sexual Violence Prevention on Campus. Tempo. https://en.tempo.co/read/1499318/nadiem-makarim-to-issue-rules-on-sexual-violence-prevention-on-campus

Aisyah, S., & Alauddin, U. (2012). Rereading Patriarchal Interpretations on the Qur’an from Hadisth Perspective in the Eve of Law No. 23/2004 on the Elimination of Domestic Violence. Journal of Indonesian Islam, 06(01), 28.

Amirullah. (2021, December 17). UNJ Nonaktifkan Dosen yang Diduga Chat Mesum ke Mahasiswi. Tempo. https://nasional.tempo.co/read/1540308/unj-nonaktifkan-dosen-yang-diduga-chat-mesum-ke-mahasiswi

Andriansyah, A. (2021, December 13). Marak Kasus Dugaan Pelecehan Seksual di Kampus, Komnas Perempuan: Fenomena Gunung Es. VOA Indonesia. https://www.voaindonesia.com/a/marak-kasus-dugaan-pelecehan-seksual-di-kampus-komnas-perempuan-fenomena-gunung-es/6352132.html

antaranews.com. (2021, December 5). Universitas Brawijaya Jelaskan Kasus Pelecehan Seksual Mahasiswa. Antara News. https://www.antaranews.com/berita/2566221/universitas-brawijaya-jelaskan-kasus-pelecehan-seksual-mahasiswa

Ari Wibowo, E. (2021, Desember). Kasus Dugaan Pelecehan Seksual, Dosen Unsri Terancam 12 Tahun Penjara. Tempo.Co. https://nasional.tempo.co/read/1538148/kasus-dugaan-pelecehan-seksual-dosen-unsri-terancam-12-tahun-penjara

Arrahmah, S. (2021, November 11). Faktor Relasi Kuasa Berkontribusi Memantik Kekerasan Seksual di Kampus. nu.or.id. https://nu.or.id/nasional/faktor-relasi-kuasa-berkontribusi-memantik-kekerasan-seksual-di-kampus-NfQAa

Astarina, N. T. (2021). Not Only in America – Sexual Violence on Campuses is Widespread in Indonesia. The Conversation. http://theconversation.com/not-only-in-america-sexual-violence-on-campuses-is-widespread-in-indonesia-108511

Bhwana, P. G. (2021, November 11). Academics Show Support to Outlaw Sexual Violence On Campuses. Tempo. https://en.tempo.co/read/1527363/academics-show-support-to-outlaw-sexual-violence-on-campuses

Budiman, A. (2021, November 12). Nadiem Minta Kampus Segera Bentuk Satgas Penanganan Kekerasan Seksual. Tempo. https://nasional.tempo.co/read/1527839/nadiem-minta-kampus-segera-bentuk-satgas-penanganan-kekerasan-seksual

CNN Indonesia. (2021a, August 24). Dosen IAIN Kediri Dilaporkan Mahasiswi Soal Dugaan Pelecehan. Https://Www.Cnnindonesia.Com/. https://www.cnnindonesia.com/nasional/20210824090448-20-684416/dosen-iain-kediri-dilaporkan-mahasiswi-soal-dugaan-pelecehan

Desi Caesaria, S. (2021, December 7). Universitas Brawijaya Jelaskan Kasus Pelecehan Seksual yang Dialami NWR. KOMPAS.com. https://www.kompas.com/edu/read/2021/12/07/120000271/universitas-brawijaya-jelaskan-kasus-pelecehan-seksual-yang-dialami-nwr

Fajarini, U., & Handayani, N. (2021). Human Geografi dan Pelecehan Seksual Terhadap Perempuan di Perguruan Tinggi Keagamaan Islam Negeri. Jurnal Harkat : Media Komunikasi Gender, 17(1). http://journal.uinjkt.ac.id/index.php/psga/article/view/22135

Febriyani, L. (2021, December 18). Relasi Kuasa dalam Tindak Kekerasan Seksual. GEOTIMES. https://geotimes.id/opini/relasi-kuasa-dalam-tindak-kekerasan-seksual/

Ferree, M. (2000). Handbook of the Sociology of Gender by Janet Saltzman Chafetz:Handbook of the Sociology of Gender. American Journal of Sociology - AMER J SOCIOL, 105, 1484–1485. https://doi.org/10.1086/210444

Gustav Rizal, J. (2020, July 7). Marak Kasus Kekerasan Seksual, Apa Isi dan Polemik RUU PKS? KOMPAS.com. https://www.kompas.com/tren/read/2020/07/07/144300365/marak-kasus-kekerasan-seksual-apa-isi-dan-polemik-ruu-pks-

Hairi, P. J. (2015). Problem Kekerasan Seksual: Menelaah Arah Kebijakan Pemerintah dalam Penanggulangannya. Jurnal NEGARA HUKUM, 6(1), 16.

Hannan, A. (2016). Gender dan Fenomena Patriarki dalam Sosial Pendidikan Pesantren; Studi Tentang Hegemeoni Kiai Pesantren Terhadap Sosial Pendidikan Bias Gender. LPPM Universitas Trunojoyo Madura, 6.

Hannan, A. (2018). Perempuan Madura dan Pembangunan Daerah Berbasis Berkelanjutan (SDGS). Jurnal Kajian Islam Interdisipliner, 3(1), 23.

Hariyanto, E., Hannan, A., Wahyudi, A., Susylawati, E., & Tri Wahyu Faizal, B. (2021). Sakinah Family Empowerment by Optimizing the Role of BP4 and Parents Mental Revolution Perspective. Samarah: Jurnal Hukum Keluarga Dan Hukum Islam, 5(2), 619. https://doi.org/10.22373/sjhk.v5i2.10965

Haruddin Tanjung, B. (2021, November 7). Kasus Dugaan Pelecehan Mahasiswi, Polisi Segera Periksa Dekan Unsri. iNews.ID. https://regional.inews.id/berita/kasus-dugaan-pelecehan-seksual-polresta-pekanbaru-segera-periksa-dekan-unri

Ilyasa, R. M. A. (2021). Legal and Victimological Perspective on Sexual Violence against Children Cases in Indonesia. The Indonesian Journal of International Clinical Legal Education, 3(3), 281–300. https://doi.org/10.15294/ijicle.v3i3.48269

Indonesia, C. N. N. (2021, December 9). KemenPPPA: Kasus Kekerasan Anak dan Perempuan Meningkat di 2021. nasional. https://www.cnnindonesia.com/nasional/20211208195408-20-731671/kemenpppa-kasus-kekerasan-anak-dan-perempuan-meningkat-di-2021

Indraswari, I. (2021). Toward Safe and Sexual Violence- Free Campuses. The Jakarta Post. https://www.thejakartapost.com/academia/2018/03/06/toward-safe-and-sexual-violence-free-campuses.html

Javier, F. (2021, November 24). Pelaku Kekerasan Seksual Ranah Komunitas pada 2020 sebagian Besar Kalangan Teman. Tempo. https://data.tempo.co/data/1269/pelaku-kekerasan-seksual-ranah-komunitas-pada-2020-sebagian-besar-kalangan-teman

K.Denzim, N. (1994). Handbook of Qualitative Research. Sage Publication.

Kenzu, T. A. (2021, November). Campuses Must Form Teams Against Sexual Violence: Women’s Commission. Antara News. https://en.antaranews.com/news/200873/campuses-must-form-teams-against-sexual-violence-womens-commission

Komering Ilir, O., & Nursatria, A. (2021, February 12). Kasus Pelecehan Seksual di Kampus Unsri, 2 Dosen Jadi Terduga Pelaku, Korbannya 3

Mahasiswi. Https://Regional.Kompas.Com/. https://regional.kompas.com/read/2021/12/02/215123878/kasus-pelecehan-seksual-di-kampus-unsri-2-dosen-jadi-terduga-pelaku?page=all

Komnas Perempuan. (2021b, March 5). CATAHU 2020 Komnas Perempuan: Lembar Fakta dan Poin Kunci (5 Maret 2021). Komnas

Perempuan. https://komnasperempuan.go.id/siaran-pers-

detail/catahu-2020-komnas-perempuan-lembar-fakta-dan-poin-kunci-

-maret-2021

Lincolin, Y. S. (1994). Qualitative Research. Sage Publication.

Maharani, T. (2021, December 11). Tentang Relasi Kuasa dalam

Kekerasan Seksual yang Diatur Permendikbud 30/2021. Kompas.Com.

https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2021/11/12/07220921/tentang-

relasi-kuasa-dalam-kekerasan-seksual-yang-diatur-permendikbud-30?

page=all

Makdori, Y. (2021, December 17). UNJ Investigasi Kasus Dugaan

Pelecehan Seksual Dosen kepada Belasan Mahasiswi. liputan6.com.

https://www.liputan6.com/news/read/4770328/unj-investigasi-kasus-

dugaan-pelecehan-seksual-dosen-kepada-belasan-mahasiswi

Mediatama, G. (2021, November 20). Tuai Pro-Kontra, Ini Poin-Poin

Penting Permendikbud Ristek No.30 Tahun 2021. kontan.co.id.

https://nasional.kontan.co.id/news/tuai-pro-kontra-ini-poin-poin-

penting-permendikbud-ristek-no30-tahun-2021-1

Merdeka. (2021c, December 10). Nadiem Targetkan Tahun Depan

Semua Kampus Miliki Satgas Pencegahan Kekerasan Seksual.

Merdeka.Com. https://www.merdeka.com/peristiwa/nadiem-

targetkan-tahun-depan-semua-kampus-miliki-satgas-pencegahan-

kekerasan-seksual.html

Munastiwi, E., & Marfuah, S. (2021). The Influence of Assignment

Methods on the Development Aspects of Religious and Moral Values of

Early Childhood During the Covid-19 Pandemic. Akademika : Jurnal

Pemikiran Islam (Online); Vol 26 No 1 (2021)DO -

32332/Akademika.V26i1.3143. https://e-

journal.metrouniv.ac.id/index.php/akademika/article/view/3143

Murti, M. W. (2021, November 12). Nadiem Makarim Deems Sexual

Violence Cases at Campus Pandemic. Tempo.

https://en.tempo.co/read/1527820/nadiem-makarim-deems-sexual-

violence-cases-at-campus-pandemic

Nadia Chandra, G. (2021). Nadiem Makarim: Sexual Violence on

Indonesian Campuses Is a Critical Emergency. Jakarta Globe.

https://jakartaglobe.id/news/nadiem-makarim-sexual-violence-on-

indonesian-campuses-is-a-critical-emergency

Narda Chaterine, R. (2021, October 6). Hasil Pemeriksaan di LPSK,

Korban Pelecehan di KPI Mengalami PTSD. KOMPAS.com.

https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2021/10/06/15181041/hasil-

pemeriksaan-di-lpsk-korban-pelecehan-di-kpi-mengalami-ptsd

Nikmatullah, N. (2020). Demi Nama Baik Kampus VS Perlindungan

Korban: Kasus Kekerasan Seksual di Kampus. Qawwam: Journal For

Gender Mainstreaming, 14(2).

Nurita, L. (2021, Desember). Mahasiswa UNSRI Korban Pelecehan

Dosen Mendadak Dicoret dari Daftar Yudisium, BEM Menduga Ada

Intervensi—Seputar Tangsel. https://seputartangsel.pikiran-

rakyat.com/. https://seputartangsel.pikiran-rakyat.com/nasional/pr-

/mahasiswa-unsri-korban-pelecehan-dosen-mendadak-

dicoret-dari-daftar-yudisium-bem-menduga-ada-intervensi

Oslami, A. F. (2021). Analisis Permendikbudristek Nomor 30 Tahun

dalam Upaya Pencegahan Kekerasan Seksual. AL-AHKAM: Jurnal

Syari’ah dan Peradilan Islam, 1(2), 19.

Radio, K. B. (n.d.). Kemendikbud: Kampus Wajib Bentuk Satgas

Pencegahan & Penanganan Kekerasan Seksual. kbr.id. Retrieved 10

January 2022, from https://kbr.id/nasional/11-

/kemendikbud__kampus_wajib_bentuk_satgas_pencegahan___p

enanganan_kekerasan_seksual/106776.html

Riana, F. (2021, Desember). UNJ Terbitkan Peraturan Rektor

Pencegahan dan Penanganan Kekerasan Seksual

[Https://nasional.tempo.co/].

https://nasional.tempo.co/read/1537895/unj-terbitkan-peraturan-

rektor-pencegahan-dan-penanganan-kekerasan-seksual

Ritzer, G. (2004). Teori sosiologi modern. Kencana Prenada.

Robertson, R. (1988). Sociology.

Rusyidi, B., Bintari, A., & Wibowo, H. (2019). Experience and

Knowledge on Sexual Harassment: A Preliminary Study Among

Indonesian University Students. Share : Social Work Journal, 9(1), 75.

https://doi.org/10.24198/share.v9i1.21685

Sakina, A. I., & A., D. H. S. (2017). Menyoroti Budaya Patriarki di

Indonesia. Share : Social Work Journal, 7(1), 71.

https://doi.org/10.24198/share.v7i1.13820

Solichah, M. (2013). Asesment Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

pada Perempuan Korban Perkosaan (Acquaintance Rape). HUMANITAS:

Indonesian Psychological Journal, 10(1), 87.

https://doi.org/10.26555/humanitas.v10i1.331

Suhenda, D. (2021). Ministerial Decree Against Sexual Violence Faces

Pushback from Islamic Groups. The Jakarta Post.

https://www.thejakartapost.com/indonesia/2021/11/11/ministerial-

decree-against-sexual-violence-faces-pushback-from-islamic-

groups.html

sumantri, A. (2021, November 8). Cegah Pelecehan Seksual, Kampus

Diminta Bentuk Satgas Khusus. Medcom.Id.

https://www.medcom.id/pendidikan/news-pendidikan/3NO9DYyk-

cegah-pelecehan-seksual-kampus-diminta-bentuk-satgas-khusus

Susiana, S. (2019). Kekerasan Seksual pada Era Digital. Pusat

Penelitian Badan Keahlian DPR RI.

Swaragita, G. (2021). 'Big step’: Students, Lecturers Laud decree to

Fight Sexual Violence on Campuses. The Jakarta Post.

https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2021/10/31/big-step-students-

lecturers-laud-decree-to-fight-sexual-violence-on-campuses.html

Taliawo, R. G. (2021, October 10). Darurat Kekerasan Seksual!

KOMPAS.com.

https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2021/10/11/05580251/darurat-

kekerasan-seksual

Tanjung, I. (2021, November 6). Cerita Lengkap Kasus Mahasiswi

Universitas Riau, Mengaku Dicium Dosen Saat Bimbingan Skripsi, kini

Dilaporkan Balik ke Polisi. KOMPAS.com.

https://regional.kompas.com/read/2021/11/06/152032078/cerita-

lengkap-kasus-mahasiswi-universitas-riau-mengaku-dicium-dosen-

saat

Umi Kulsum, K. (2021, November 30). Puncak Gunung Es Kekerasan

Seksual di Kampus. kompas.id.

https://www.kompas.id/baca/riset/2021/11/30/puncak-gunung-es-

kekerasan-seksual-di-kampus

voa.id, voa. id. (2021). Minister Nadiem Makarim: Permendikbudristek

Number 30/2021 Details The Forms and Sanctions of Sexual Violence.

VOI - Waktunya Merevolusi Pemberitaan.

https://voi.id/en/news/103699/minister-nadiem-makarim-

permendikbudristek-number-302021-details-the-forms-and-sanctions-

of-sexual-violence

Zuhra, W. U. N. (2019). Testimoni Kekerasan Seksual: 174 Penyintas,

Kampus, 29 Kota. tirto.id. https://tirto.id/testimoni-kekerasan-seksual-174-penyintas-79-kampus-29-kota-dmTW




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15548/jk.v12i2.487

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Free counters!

free hit counter

Creative Commons License
Kafa'ah: Journal of Gender Studies is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.