Iswan Afandi


The purpose of this study is to analyze and describe the phenomenon of gender in short stories with a feminist approach. This study used a descriptive qualitative method with content analysis techniques. Data collection was carried out by a descriptive survey through relevant research article data sources, library data sources, printed books containing a collection of Aan Mansyur's short stories published by PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama in 2012. The analysis focused on the Mansyur author's thinking, social issues, traditional culture, and modern culture regarding women. The results of the study, namely the type of feminist used by the author Mansyur is existential feminism. In this case, the mother character in the short story in the Coconut Gardens in my Head shows its existence as a human being who can compete in the public sphere. Auntie Mare can pay for her children's education by working. In terms of culture, there has been a change from traditional to modern culture. Aunt Mare's character is no longer employed as ata or slave in the Bone tradition but is given a job as a gardener and barber. Generally, this work is carried out by men but through the author Mansyur, the job is taken over by women. Mansyur's short story found the phenomenon of gender injustice including marginalization, subordination, stereotyping, physical violence, and workload problems


short stories; feminism; gender

Full Text:



Aeni, E., Sukarelawati, & Agustini. 2016. The Relationship Between Stereotype with Prejudi Indigenous People to Immigrants in Cross Culture In Cisarua Bogor. Jurnal Komunikatio, 2 (1), 45-56. (accessed 12.2.19).

Afandi, I., Juanda, & Amir, J. 2019. Fabel Online sebagai Sarana Edukasi Bagi Anak (Analisis Nilai Pendidikan Karakter). Pangadereng : Jurnal Hasil Penelitian Ilmu Sosial dan Humaniora 5(2), 207–224. https://doi.org/10.36869/pjhpish.v5i2.38

Ali, M.A.M., Ibrahim, M., Sayska, D.S., 2011. Hadith “Anti Wanita” Berkenaan dengan Kehidupan Rumah Tangga: Kajian Kritik Terhadap Feminis Liberal. AlBayan 9 (issue 1), 135–166. https://doi.org/10.1163/22321969-90000024

Andarwulan, T., 2017. Cyberfeminis: Wajah Baru Pembebasan Diri Kaum Perempuan. Kafa`ah: Journal of Gender Studies, 7 (1), 93–106. https://doi.org/10.15548/jk.v7i1.160

Arif, Z.Z., 2019. peran ganda perempuan dalam keluarga pespektif feminis muslim Indonesia. Indonesian Journal of Islamic Law 1 (2), 97–126.

Asrina, A., 2011. “Firdaus” dalam Kritik Feminis Nawal El Sa’dawi. Kafa`ah: Journal of Gender Studies, 1(1), 13-38–38. https://doi.org/10.15548/jk.v1i1.36

Chandran, I.R., Hashim, R.S., 2014. When Feminism Overpowers Caste Marginalisation: A Study of the Feminist Agenda of Female Paraiyar Writers. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, International Conference on Knowledge-Innovation-Excellence: Synergy in Language Research and Practice (2013), Organized by School of Language Studies and Linguistics, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (National University of Malaysia) 118, 383–388. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.02.053

Cheng, C., 2008. Marginalized Masculinities and Hegemonic Masculinity: An Introduction. The Journal of Men’s Studies 7 (3), 295–315. https://doi.org/10.3149/jms.0703.295

Chika, I.S., 2012. Gender-Based Domestic Violence in Nigeria: A Socio-Legal Perspective. Indian Journal of Gender Studies 19(issue 1), 137–148. https://doi.org/10.1177/097152151101900107

Gumilar, T., 2008. Tubuh dan Penubuhan dalam Cerpen Sri Sumarah Karya Umar Kayam: Telaah Pascakolonial dan Feminisme. Yinyang: Jurnal Studi Islam Gender dan Anak, 3, 290–301.

Hardiningtyas, P.R., 2015. Manusia dan Budaya Jawa Dalam Roman Bumi Manusia: Eksistensialisme Pemikiran Jean Paul Sartre. Aksara, 27 (1), 83–98. https://doi.org/10.29255/aksara.v27i1.174.83-98

Höpflinger, A.-K., Lavanchy, A., Dahinden, J., 2012. Introduction: Linking Gender and Religion. Women’s Studies, 41(6), 615–638. https://doi.org/10.1080/00497878.2012.691401

Hubler, A., 2017. Reading and Writing Girls: New Contributions to Feminist Scholarship on Children’s and Young Adult Literature by Women. Tulsa Studies in Women’s Literature, 36(2), 463–476. https://doi.org/10.1353/tsw.2017.0031

Hubler, A., Walls, L.D., Pennell, M.M., 2019. Roundtable: Teaching Little Women. Women’s Studies, 48, 446–458. https://doi.org/10.1080/00497878.2019.1614875

Inawati, A., 2014. Peran Perempuan dalam Mempertahankan Kebudayaan Jawa dan Kearifan Lokal. Musãwa Jurnal Studi Gender dan Islam, 13(2), 195–206. https://doi.org/10.14421/musawa.2014.132.195-206

Juanda, J., 2019a. Pendidikan Karakter Anak Usia Dini melalui Sastra Klasik Fabel Versi Daring. Jurnal Obsesi : Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini 3(issue 1), 39–54. https://doi.org/10.31004/obsesi.v3i1.126

Juanda, J., 2019b. Gender Phenomenon in Short Story by Fanny J. Poyk in Media on Line, Indonesia. Kafa`ah: Journal of Gender Studies, 8 (2), 135-148–148. https://doi.org/10.15548/jk.v8i2.216

Juanda, J., Azis, A., 2018. Penyingkapan Citra Perempuan Cerpen Media Indonesia: Kajian Feminisme. Lingua: Journal of Language, Literature and Teaching, 15 (2), 71–82. https://doi.org/10.30957/lingua.v15i2.478

Karim, A., Nasir, Z., 2014. Multiculturalism and Feminist Concerns in South Asian Diaspora Novels. 3L: Language, Linguistics, Literature® 20 (3), 125-134.

Kouta, C., Kaite, C.P., 2011. Gender Discrimination and Nursing: Α Literature Review. Journal of Professional Nursing, 27(1), 59–63. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.profnurs.2010.10.006

Krishnan, G., Lazim, Z.M., Yusof, N.M., 2011. Sexuality Education through Short Stories. 3L: Language, Linguistics, Literature® 17, 75-88.

Liliani, E., 2010. Refleksi Peran Perempuan dalam Novel Indonesia 1900–2000. Litera 9(1), 40-51. https://doi.org/10.21831/ltr.v9i1.1216

Mansyur, A.A., 2012. Kukila Kumpulan Cerita. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Mawadah, A.H., 2018. Nilai Kesetaraan Gender pada Cerpen dalam Buku Teks Bahasa Indonesia SMA. Litera, 17(1), 30-40. https://doi.org/10.21831/ltr.v17i1.18132

Meiliana, S., 2016. Fenomena Kekerasan Gender dalam Novel-Novel Karya Danielle Steel. Litera, 15 (1), 147-159. https://doi.org/10.21831/ltr.v15i1.9775

Miles, M.B., Huberman, A.M., Saldaña, J., 2014. Qualitative data analysis: a methods sourcebook, Third edition. ed. SAGE Publications, Inc, Thousand Oaks, Califorinia.

Moosavinia, S.R., Yousefi, T.B., 2018. New Norms of Gender and Emergence of Identity Crisis in Margaret Atwood’s The Handmaid’s Tale. 3L: Language, Linguistics, Literature® 24 (1), 162-174. https://doi.org/10.17576/3L-2018-2401-12

Muhajir, M., 2018. Perempuan dan Poligami dalam Tiga Cerita Pendek (Patriarchy and Polygamy in Three Indonesia Short Stories). Alayasastra: Jurnal Ilmiah Kesusasteraan, 14(2), 61-72. https://doi.org/10.36567/aly.v14i2.202

Na, H., 2009. The Interpretation of Yin-Yang and Korean Women’s Status. Asian Women, 25 (Issue 1), 19. DOI: https://doi.org/10.14431/aw.2009.

Narain, S., 2014. Gender in International Relations: Feminist Perspectives of J. Ann Tickner. Indian Journal of Gender Studies, 21 (issue 2), 179–197. https://doi.org/10.1177/0971521514525085

Noermanzah, N.N., 2017. Plot In A Collection Of Short Stories “Sakinah Bersamamu” Written by Asma Nadia with Feminimism Analysis. Humanus, 16(1), 27–40. https://doi.org/10.24036/jh.v16i1.7015

Oom-Dove, S.A., 2018. Revivalist women’s submission: Women’s spiritual authority, biblical feminism and cosmofeminism. Women’s Studies International Forum, 67, 118–127. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wsif.2017.09.005

Pasco, A.H., 1991. On Defining Short Stories. New Literary History 22, 407.https://doi.org/10.2307/469046

Pearse, R., Hitchcock, J.N., Keane, H., 2019. Gender, inter/disciplinarity and marginality in the social sciences and humanities: A comparison of six disciplines. Women’s Studies International Forum, 72, 109–126. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wsif.2018.05.007

Pinto, S., 2013. Feminism, Three Ways. Tulsa Studies in Women’s Literature, 32 (1), 187–194.

Posey, B.M., Kowalski, M.A., Stohr, M.K., 2019. Thirty Years of Scholarship in the Women and Criminal Justice Journal: Gender, Feminism, and Intersectionality. Women & Criminal Justice, 1–25. https://doi.org/10.1080/08974454.2019.1661330

Purbani, W., 2013. Watak dan Perjuangan Perempuan dalam Novel-Novel Karya Penulis Perempuan Indonesia dan Malaysia Awal Abad 21. Litera, 12 (2), 367-380. https://doi.org/10.21831/ltr.v12i02.1596

Schippers, M., Sapp, E.G., 2012. Reading Pulp Fiction: Femininity and power in second and third wave feminist theory. Feminist Theory, 13(1), 27–42. https://doi.org/10.1177/1464700111429900

Schulz, D., Bahník, Š., 2019. Gender associations in the twentieth-century English-language literature. Journal of Research in Personality, 81, 88–97. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2019.05.010

Siročić, Z., 2019. Something new, something old and something borrowed: Post-Yugoslav millennial feminists in search for interpretative repertoires. Women’s Studies International Forum, 77, 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wsif.2019.02.014

Stecher, L., 2019. Camila Henríquez Ureña’s Feminist Essays and Literary Criticism: The Trajectory of a Transnational Intellectual. Tulsa Studies in Women’s Literature, 38 (1), 59–78. https://doi.org/10.1353/tsw.2019.0004

Stewart, J., 2012. Existentialism, in: Chadwick, R. (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics (Second Edition). Academic Press, San Diego, pp. 250–263. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-373932-2.00202-7

Sultana, A., 2011. Patriarchy and Women’s Subordination: A theoretical analysis. The Arts Faculty Journal, 4 ,1-18.

Taranau, V.D.A.L., 2014. Feminisme dari Perspektif Protestan. Musãwa Jurnal Studi Gender dan Islam, 13 (2), 111–118. https://doi.org/10.14421/musawa.2014.132.111-118

Tripungkasingtyas, S.Y., Wardani, N.E., Sumarlam, S., 2016. Perjuangan Kesetaraan Gender, Nilai Pendidikan Karakter dalam Novel Kenanga Karya Oka Rusmini dan Relevansinya dalam Pembelajaran Sastra di Perguruan Tinggi. Jurnal S2 Pendidikan Bahasa Indonesia 1

Unsriana, L., 2014. Diskriminasi Gender dalam Novel Ginko Karya Junichi Watanabe. Lingua Cultura, 8 (1), 40–47. https://doi.org/10.21512/lc.v8i1.441

Wardiani, R., Ajistria, Y.P., 2016. Pemikiran dan Aksi Feminisme Tokoh Perempuan dalam Novel Mataraisa Karya Abidah El Khalieqy. Indonesian Language Education and Literature, 2 (1), 12–21. https://doi.org/10.24235/ileal.v2i1.987

Windiyarti, D., 2012. Pemberontakan Perempuan Bali Terhadap Diskriminasi Kelas dan Gender: Kajian Feminis Novel Tarian Bumi Karya Oka Rusmini. Humaniora, 20 (3), 286–294. https://doi.org/10.22146/jh.945

Wiyatmi, W., 2009. Representasi Peran dan Relasi Gender dalam Novel Cantik Itu Luka Karya Eka Kurniawan dan Novel Nayla Karya Djenar Maesa Ayu. Litera, 8(1), 82-92. https://doi.org/10.21831/ltr.v8i1.1204

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15548/jk.v10i2.317


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Free counters!

free hit counter

Creative Commons License
Kafa'ah: Journal of Gender Studies is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.