Status dan Peran Perempuan pada Suku Besemah: Suatu upaya Mengurangi Tindak Kekerasan terhadap Perempuan melalui Pendidikan Nilai Berbasis Kearifan Lokal

Maila Dinia Husni Rahiem


The purpose of this research is to describe the status and role of women in the Besemah tribe, South Sumatra. The researcher investigated the values of justice, equality, and respect for women in the  cultural community and prevailing customary practices. The study used a qualitative method. The researcher describes and interprets culture, social groups and systems focused on patterns of activity, language, beliefs, rituals and ways of life. The data was gained in Pagaralam, South Sumatra, one of the areas where the Besemah tribe lived. Data collected by conducting the interview process , doing observation and documenting the required data. The technique used in analyzing data  was interpretive descriptive methods. The were reported, analyzed and presented descriptively to get an overview of the facts that exist in answering the the research formulation. This study concluded that the values associated with the views of the Besemah community towards women are catalized in six main points, namely: 1) women can have different status after marriage which shows their place of residence, their duties and responsibilities in the family; 2) men and women have different status and roles in society; 3) The quality that must be possessed by Besemah women is of good descent, has good manners, can cook and  skillfull at managing the house and caring for parents, husband and children; 4) the way to educate girls and boys is different; 5) men approach and propose to women with courtesy and respect; and 6) immoralists will get social punishment and customary sanctions. This view is the local wisdom of the Besemah tribe that can be developed as a value education material for the prevention and control of violence against women in the Besemah community.


Women's Violence, Local Wisdom, Besemah Tribe, Value Education


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